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Eörs Szathmáry

Eörs Szathmáry (1959) is professor of biology at the Department of Plant Taxonomy and Ecology of Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, where he is also the chairman of the PhD programme in evolutionary genetic and conservation biology.

His main interest is theoretical evolutionary biology and focuses on the common principles of the major steps in evolution, such as the origin of life, the emergence of cells, the origin of animal societies, and the appearance of human language. Together with his mentor, John Maynard Smith, he has published two important books which serve as the main references in the field (The Major Transitions in Evolution, Freeman, 1995, and The Origins of Life, Oxford University Press, 1999). Both books have been translated into other languages (so far, German, French, Japanese, and Hungarian). He serves on the editorial board of several journals (Journal of Theoretical Biology, Journal of Evolutionary Biology, Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, Evolutionary Ecology and Evolution of Communication). Professor Szathmáry was awarded the New Europe Prize in 1996 by a group of institutes for advanced study. He used the prize to establish the NEST (New Europe School for Theoretical Biology) foundation, whose task is to help young Hungarian theoretical biologists. The Juhász-Nagy junior fellowship that he endowed in 1996 at Collegium Budapest also serves this purpose. In 1996 he was the Executive Vice-President of ICSEB V (Fifth International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology) that took place in Budapest, partially sponsored by CB. He served as President of the International Organisation for Systematic and Evolutionary Biology (IOSEB, 1996-2002). The Hungarian Academy of Sciences acknowledged his outstanding scientific contribution with the Academy Prize in 1999. He was invited to prestigious institutions, including the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin and the College de France. He is a member of Academia Europaea and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Professor Szathmáry's main achievements include: (i) a mathematical description of some phases of early evolution; (ii) a scenario for the origin of the genetic code; (iii) an analysis of epistasis in terms of metabolic control theory; (iv) a demonstration of the selection consequences of parabolic growth; (v) a derivation of the optimal size of the genetic alphabet; (vi) a general framework to discuss the major transitions in evolution. Apart from books, he has published numerous papers in important journals, including Nature, Science, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, and Journal of Theoretical Biology.

He is on the faculty of the PARMENIDES FOUNDATION, a member of the Board of THE KONRAD LORENZ INSTITUTE FOR EVOLUTION AND COGNITION RESEARCH. He is the Vice Chairman of the COST CM0703 Action (Systems Chemistry).

Interview in 2007 with Professor Szathmáry published in the News Section of the homepage of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Magyarul

Interview in 2010 with Professor Szathmáry published in the News Section of the homepage of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Magyarul



  • The Major Transitions in Evolution. Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1995) Freeman & Co., Oxford; now Oxford University Press. Also in German, Hungarian and Japanese.
  • The Origins of Life. Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1999) Oxford Univ. Press. Also in French, Polish, Hungarian, Spanish, Korean and Italian.

Click here for a detailed Publication List



Dr. Eörs Szathmáry


International editions

(Commentary-like papers marked by grey shading)

(1) Szathmáry, E. (1985) Origin of microtubules, undulipodia and centrioles: a compromise hypothesis. In: (J. Mlíkovsky & V.J.A Novák, eds.) Evolution and Morphogenesis. pp 373-379. Academia, Praha.

(2) Szathmáry, E. (1986) The eukaryotic cell as an information integrator. Endocytobiol. Cell Res. 3, 113-132.

(3) Szathmáry, E. (1986) Some remarks on hypercycles and the stochastic corrector model. Endocytobiol. Cell Res. 3, 337-339.

(4) Szathmáry, E. (1987) Early evolution of microtubules and undulipodia. BioSystems 20, 115-131.

(5) Szathmáry, E. Demeter L. (1987) Group selection of early replicators and the origin of life. J. theor Biol. 128, 463-486.

(6) Szathmáry, E., Kotsis, M. Scheuring I. (1988) Limits of hyperbolic growth and selection in molecular and biological populations. In: (T.G. Hallam, L. Gross & S. Levin eds.): Mathematical Ecology. pp. 46-68. World Scientific, Singapore.

(7) Szathmáry, E. (1988) A hypercyclic illusion. J. theor. Biol. 134, 561-563.

(8) Szathmáry, E., Gladkih, I. (1989) Sub-exponential growth and coexistence of non-enzymatically replicating templates. J. theor. Biol. 138, 55-58.

(9) Szathmáry, E. (1989) The cost of splicing and the late origin of introns. Trends Ecol. Evol. 4, 109-110.

(10) Szathmáry, E.(1989) The integration of the earliest genetic information. Trends Ecol. Evol. 4, 200-204.

(11) Szathmáry, E. (1989) The emergence, maintenance, and transitions of the earliest evolutionary units. Oxf. Surv. Evol. Biol. 6, 169-205.

(12) Szathmáry, E. (1990) RNA worlds in test tubes and protocells. In: (Maynard Smith, J. & Vida, G. eds): Organizational Constraints on the Dynamics of Evolution. Manchester Univ. Press. pp. 3-14.

(13) Szathmáry, E., Scheuring I., Kotsis, M. & Gladkih, I. (1990) Sexuality of eukaryotic unicells: hyperbolic growth, coexistence of facultative parthenogens, and the repair hypothesis. In: (Maynard Smith, J. & Vida, G. eds): Organizational Constraints on the Dynamics of Evolution. Manchester Univ. Press. pp. 279-286.

(14) Vida, G., Szathmáry, E., Németh, G., Hegedûs, Cs., Molnár, I. & Juhász-Nagy, P. (1990) Towards modelling community evolution: the Phylogenerator. In: (Maynard Smith, J. & Vida, G., eds): Organizational Constraints on the Dynamics of Evolution. Manchester Univ. Press. pp. 409-422.

(15) Szathmáry, E.(1990) Towards the evolution of ribozymes. Nature 344, 115.

(16) Szathmáry, E., Scheuring, I., Hegedûs, Cs., Németh, G. Molnár, I. & Vida, G. (1990) The engagement of the Red Queen and King Midas in the Phylogenerator Model. Coenoses 5, 130-141.

(17) Szathmáry, E. (1991) Codon swapping as a possible evolutionary mechanism. J. Mol. Evol. 32, 178-182.

(18) Szathmáry, E. (1991) Variational principles, behavioural adaptations, and selection hierarchies. Behavior. Brain Sci. 14, 107-108.

(19) Szathmáry, E.(1991) Four letters in the genetic alphabet: a frozen evolutionary optimum? Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 245, 91-99.

(20) Szathmáry, E., Kövér, Sz. (1991) A theoretical test of the DNA repair hyothesis for the maintenance of sex in eukaryotes. Genet. Res. 58, 157-165.

(21) Szathmáry, E.(1991) Simple growth laws and selection consequences. Trends Ecol. Evol. 6, 366-370.

(22) Szathmáry, E. (1991) Common interest and novel evolutionary units. Trends Ecol. Evol. 6, 407-408.

(23) Szathmáry, E. (1992) Natural selection and the dynamical coexistence of defective and complementing virus segments. J. theor. Biol. 157, 383-406.

(24) Szathmáry, E. (1992) What determines the size of the genetic alphabet? Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89, 2614-2618.

(25) Szathmáry, E., Zintzaras, E. (1992) A statistical test of hypotheses on the organization and origin of the genetic code. J. Mol. Evol. 35, 185-189.

(26) Szathmáry, E.(1992) Viral sex, levels of selection, and the origin of life. J. theor. Biol. 159, 99-109.

(27) Szathmáry, E. (1993) Co-operation and defection: playing the field in virus dynamics. J. theor. Biol. 165, 341-356.

(28) Szathmáry, E. (1993) Molecular variation and evolution of viruses. Trends Ecol. Evol. 8, 8-9.

(29) Szathmáry, E. (1993) Do deleterious mutations act synergistically? Metabolic control theory provides a partial answer. Genetics 133, 127-132.

(30) Szathmáry, E. (1993) A note on the reduction of the dynamics of multilocus diploid genetic systems with mutliplicative fitness. J. theor. Biol. 164, 351-358.

(31) Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1993) The origin of chromosomes I. Selection for linkage. J. theor Biol. 164, 437-446.

(32) Szathmáry, E. & Maynard Smith, J. (1993) The origin of chromosomes II. Molecular mechanisms. J. theor Biol. 164, 447-454.

(33) Szathmáry, E. (1993) Coding coenzyme handles: A hypothesis for the origin of the genetic code. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90, 9916-9920.

(34) Szathmáry, E. (1994) Toy models of simple forms of multicellularity, soma and germ. J. theor. Biol. 169, 125-132.

(35) Szathmáry, E. (1994) Self-replication and reproduction: From molecules to protocells. In: (Fleischaker, G. R., Colonna, S. & Luisi, P. L. eds) Self-Production of Supramolecular Structures. From Synthetic Structures to Models of Minimal Living Systems. NATO ASI Series. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 65-73.

(36) Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1995) The Major Transitions in Evolution. Freeman & Co., Oxford.

(37) Jablonka, E. & Szathmáry, E. (1995) The evolution of information storage and heredity. Trends Ecol. Evol. 10, 206-211.

(38) Szathmáry, E. & Maynard Smith, J. (1995) The major evolutionary transitions. Nature 374, 227-232.

(39) Szathmáry, E.(1995) A classification of replicators and lambda-calculus models of biological organization. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 260, 279-286.

(40) Grey, D., Hutson, V. & Szathmáry, E. (1995) A re-examination of the stochastic corrector model. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 262, 29-35.

(41) Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1995) Language and Life. In: (M. P. Murphy & L. A. J. O'Neill, eds) What is Life? The Next Fifty Years. Speculations on the Future of Biology. pp. 67-77. Cambridge Univ. Press.

(42) Szathmáry, E. (1996) From RNA to language. Curr. Biol. 6, 764.

(43) Szathmáry, E. (1996) Coding coenzyme handles and the origin of the genetic code. In: (A. Müller, A. Dress & F. Vögtle, eds) From Simplicity to Complexity in Chemistry -- and Beyond. Part I. Vieweg, Braunschweig, pp. 33-41.

(44) Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1996) On the likelihood of habitable worlds. Nature 384, 107.

(45) Fagerström, T., Jagers, P., Schuster, P. & Szathmáry, E. (1996) Biologists put on mathematical glasses. Science 274, 2039-2040.

(46) Szathmáry, E. & Maynard Smith, J. (1997) From replicators to reproducers: The first major transitions leading to life. J. theor. Biol. 187, 555-571.

(47) Varga, Z. & Szathmáry, E.(1997) An extremum principle for parabolic competition. Bull. Math. Biol. 59, 1145-1154.

(48) Szathmáry, E. (1997) Origins of life - The first two billion years. Nature 387, 662-663.

(49) Sigmund, K. & Szathmáry, E. (1998) On merging lines and emerging units. Nature 392, 439-441.

(50) Szathmáry, E.(1999) Chemes, Genes, Memes: A revised classification of replicators. Lectures on Mathematics in the Life Sciences. 26, 1-10.

(51) Szathmáry, E. (1999) The origin of the genetic code: amino acids as cofactors in an RNA world. Trends Genet. 15, 223-229.

(52) Kövér, Sz. és Szathmáry, E. (1999) Hybrid theories of sex. J. Evol. Biol. 12:1032-1033.

(53) Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1999) The Origins of Life. Oxford Univ. Press.

(54) Szathmáry, E. (2000) Reply: Certain uncertainties about the origin of the genetic code. Trends Genet. 16, 18-19.

(55) Czárán, T. and Szathmáry, E. (2000) Coexistence of replicators in prebiotic evolution. In: Dieckmann, U., Law, R. & Metz, J.A.J. (eds.) The Geometry of Ecological Interactions: Simplifying Spatial Complexity, pp. 116-134, IIASA and Cambridge University Press.

(56) Szathmáry, E. (2000) The evolution of replicators. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 355, 1669-1676.

(57) Von Kiedrowski, G. & Szathmáry, E.(2000) Selection versus coexistence of parabolic replicators spreading on surfaces. Selection 1, 173-179.

(58) Szathmáry, E. (2000) In Humboldt's footspets. Trends Ecol. Evol. 15, 178-179.

(59) Szathmáry, E.(2001) Biological information, kin selection, and evolutionary transitions. Theor. Pop. Biol. 59, 11-14.

(60) Szathmáry, E. (2001) Evolution. Developmental circuits rewired. Nature 411, 143-145.

(61) Szathmáry, E., Jordán, F. & Pál, C. (2001) Molecular biology and evolution. Can genes explain biological complexity? Science 292, 1315-1316.

(62) Szathmáry, E. (2001) Origin of the human language faculty: the language amoeba hypothesis. In (J. Trabant & S. Ward, Eds.): New Essays on the Origin of Language. Berlin/New York: Mouton/de Gruyter, pp. 41-51.

(63) Podani, J., Oltvai. N. Z., Jeong, H., Tombor, B. Barabási, A.-L. & Szathmáry, E. (2001) Comparable system-level organization of Archaea and Eukaryotes. Nature Genet. 29, 54-56.

(64) Scheuring, I. & Szathmáry, E.(2001) Survival of replicators with parabolic growth tendency and exponential decay. J. theor. Biol. 212, 99-105.

(65) Szathmáry, E. (2001) Theories of origin of life. In: S. Brenner and J. H. Miller (eds): Encyclopedia of Genetics. Academic Press, London. Pp. 1387-1394.

(66) Meszéna, G. & Szathmáry, E. (2001) The adaptive dynamics of parabolic replicators. Selection 2, 147-159.

(67) Zintzaras, E., Mauro, S. & Szathmáry, E. (2002) "Living" under the challenge of information decay: the stochastic corrector model versus hypercycles. J. theor. Biol. 217, 167-181.

(68) Szathmáry, E. (2002) Units of evolution and units of life. In: Pályi, G., Zucchi, L. & Caglioti, L. (eds) Fundamentals of Life. pp. 181-195. Elsevier, Paris.

(69) Szabó, P., Scheuring, I., Czárán, T. & Szathmáry, E. (2002) In silico simulations reveal that replicators with limited dispersal evolve towards higher efficiency and fidelity. Nature 420, 360-363.

(70) Wolpert, L. & Szathmáry, E. (2002) Multicellularity: evolution and the egg. Nature 420, 745.

(71) Gulyás, B. & Szathmáry, E. (2002) Monkeys - a great asset to reveal human cognitive functions. Neuroreport 13, 2167-2168.

(72) Szathmáry, E. (2002) Cultural processes: the latest major transition in evolution. In: L. Nadel (ed.) Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science Nature Publishing Group, Macmillan, London. DOI: 10.1002/0470018860.s00716

(73) Szathmáry, E. (2003) Concepts and dynamics: a theoretical issue of OLEB. Orig Life Evol. Biosph. 33, 313-317.

(74) Gánti, T., Horváth, A., Gesztesi, A., Bérczi, Sz. & Szathmáry, E. (2003) Dark dune spots: possible biomarkers on Mars? Orig. Life Evol. Biosph. 33, 515-577.

(75) Santos, M,. Zintzaras, E. & Szathmáry, E.(2003) Origin of sex revisited. Orig. Life Evol. Biosph. 33, 405-432.

(76) Szathmáry, E. & Wolpert, L. (2003) The evolution of multicellularity. In: Hammerstein, P. (ed.) Genetic and Social Mechanisms of Cooperation. pp. 271-290. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

(77) Szathmáry, E.(2003) Why are there four letters in the genetic alphabet? Nat. Rev. Genet. 4, 995-1001.

(78) Szathmáry, E. (2003) The biological significance of Gánti's work in 1971 and today. In: T. Gánti: The Principles of Life. Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 157-168.

(79) Santos, M,. Zintzaras, E. & Szathmáry, E. (2004) Recombination in primeval genomes: a step forward but still a long leap from maintaining a sizeable genome. J. Mol. Evol. 59, 507-519.

(80) Szathmáry, E. & Hammerstein, P. (2004) Obituary: John Maynard Smith (1920-2004). Nature 429, 258-259.

(81) Szathmáry, E. (2004) From biological analysis to synthetic biology. Curr. Biol. 14, R145-146.

(82) Lenton, T.M., Schellnhuber, H. J. & Szathmáry, E. (2004) Climbing the co-evolution ladder. Nature 431, 913.

(83) Szathmáry, E. (2004) Knowledge and belief in evolutionary biology. In: W. Löffl er, P. Weingartner (eds), Knowledge and Belief. Wissen und Glauben. Öbv& Hpt, Wien. Pp. 364-374.

(84) Fernando, C., Santos, M. & Szathmáry, E. (2005) Evolutionary potential and requirements for minimal protocells. Top. Curr. Chem. 259, 167-211.

(85) Szathmáry, E. (2005) Path dependence and historical contingency in biology. In: A. Wimmer and R. Kössler (eds), Understanding Change. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, in press.

(86) Szathmáry, E. (2005) Life: in search of the simplest cell. Nature 433, 469-470.

(87) Kun, Á., Santos, M. & Szathmáry, E.(2005) Real ribozymes suggest a relaxed error threshold. Nat. Genet. 37, 1008-1011.

(88) Kun, Á., Maurel, M.-C. & Santos, M. & Szathmáry, E. (2005) Fitness Landscapes, Error Thresholds, and Cofactors in Aptamer Evolution. In: S. Klussmann (ed.) The Aptamer Handbook. Wiley-Vch, Weinheim, pp. 54-92.

(89) Szathmáry, E. & Santos, M. (2006) He would have deserved to live forever: John Maynard Smith (1920-2004). J. theor. Biol. 239, 129.

(90) Fontanari, J.F., Santos, M. & Szathmáry, E. (2006) Coexistence and error propagation in pre-biotic vesicle models: A group selection approach. J. theor. Biol. 239, 247-256.

(91) Vergne, J., Cognet, J. A., Szathmáry, E. & Maurel, M. C. (2006) In vitro selection of halo-thermophilic RNA reveals two families of resistant RNA. Gene 371, 182-193.

(92) Szathmáry, E. (2006) The origin of replicators and reproducers. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 361, 1761-1776.

(93) Frégnac, Y., Blatow, M., Changeux, J.-P., DeFelipe, J., Lansner, A., Maas, W., McCormick, D.A., Michel, C.M., Monyer, H., Szathmáry, E. & Yuste, R. (2006) Group report: Neocortical microcircuits-Ups and DOWNs in cortical computation. In: S. Grillner and A.M. Graybiel (eds): Microcircuits. The Interface between Neurons and Global Brain Function. MIT Press, Cambridge, Ma. pp. 393-433.

(94) Számadó, S. & Szathmáry, E. (2006) Competing selective scenarios for the emergence of natural language. Trends Ecol. Evol. 21, 555-561.

(95) Szathmáry, E. (2006) Evolution. Darwin for all seasons. Science 313, 306-307.

(96) Szathmáry, E., Szatmáry, Z., Ittzés, P., Gergõ, O., Zachár, I., Huszár, F., Fedor, A., Varga, M. & Számadó, S. (2007) In silico evolutionary developmental neurobiology and the origin of natural language. In: (Lyon, C., Nehaniv, C. L. & Cangelosi, A., eds) Emergence of Communication and Language. Springer, London. pp. 151-187.

(97) Szathmáry, E., Gánti, T., Pócs, T., Horváth, A., Kereszturi, Á., Bérczi, S. & Sik, A. (2007) Life in the dark dunes of Mars: a testable hypothesis. In: R. Pudritz, P. Higgs and J. Stone (eds) Planetary Systems and the Origins of Life. Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. 241-262.

(98) Szathmáry, E.,(2007) Coevolution of metabolic networks and membranes: the scenario of progressive sequestration. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 362, 1781-1787.

(99) Fernando, C., Von Kiedrowski, G. & Szathmáry, E. (2007) A Stochastic Model of Nonenzymatic Nucleic Acid Replication: "Elongators" Sequester Replicators. J Mol Evol. 64, 572-585.

(100) Jakó, É, Ittzés, P, Szenes, Á, Kun, Á, Szathmáry, E. & Pál, G. (2007) In silico detection of tRNA sequence features characteristic to aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase class membership. Nucleic Acids Res. 35, 5593-5609.

(101) Szathmáry, E. (2008) The genetic code and natural language: their nature, origins and relation. In: P. Walde, F. Kraus (eds): An den Grenzen des Wissens. Vdf Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zürich. Pp. 185-207.

(102) Kun, Á., Pongor, S., Jordán, F. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Catalytic Propensity of Amino Acids and the Origins of the Genetic Code and Proteins. In. M. Barbieri (ed.) Codes of Life, Springer-Verlag, pp. 39-58.

(103) Szathmáry, E. (2008) Towards an understanding of language origins. In. M. Barbieri (ed.) Codes of Life, Springer-Verlag, pp. 283-313.

(104) Kun, Á., Papp, B. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Computational identification of obligatorily autocatalytic replicators embedded in metabolic networks. Genome Biol. 9, R51.

(105) Könnyû, B., Czárán, T. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Prebiotic replicase evolution in a surface-bound metabolic system: parasites as a source of adaptive evolution. BMC Evol. Biol. 8, 267.

(106) Santos, M. & Szathmáry, E.(2008) Genetic hitchhiking can promote the initial spread of strong altruism. BMC Evol. Biol. 8, 281.

(107) Fernando, C., Karishma, K.K. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Copying of Neuronal Topology by Spike-Time Dependent Plasticity and Error-Correction. PlosONE 3(11), e3775.

(108) Számadó, S. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Being human: Language: a social history of words. Nature 456, 40-41.

(109) Griesemer, J. & Szathmáry, E. (2009) Gánti's chemoton model and life criteria. In: S. Rasmussen, M.A. Bedau, L. Chen, D. Deamer, D.C. Krakauer, N.H. Packard & P.F. Stadler (eds): Protocells. Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter. MIT Press, Cambdridge, Ma. pp. 481-512.

Direct commentaries to papers in the list

Ad paper (17)
Di Giulio, M. (1992) On the origin of the genetic code. Trends Ecol. Evol. 7, 176-178.
Ad paper (63)
Wolf, Y.I., Karev, G. & Koonin, E. V. (2002) Scale-free networks in biology: new insights into the fundamentals of evolution? BioEssays 24, 105-109.
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Joyce, G.F. (2002) Molecular evolution: Booting up life. Nature 410, 278-279.
Ad paper (86)
Holmes, E. C. (2005) On being the right size. Nat. Genet. 37, 923-924.
Nature Research Highights (2005) Evolution. Margin for error. Nature 437, 5.
Poole A.M. (2006) Getting from the RNA world to modern cells got a little easier. BioEssays 28, 105-108.

Cited book reviews

1. Szathmáry, E. (1999) When the means do not justify the end. Nature 399, 745.
2. Szathmáry, E. (2002) The gospel of inevitability. Nature 419, 779-780.

In Hungarian editions

in English

1. Szathmáry, E. (1984) Hyperbolic growth in molecular and biological populations I. Single-species dynamics lacking direct linear growth rates. Abstracta Botanica 8, 137-161.

2. Szathmáry, E. (1985) Hyperbolic growth in molecular and biological populations II. Single-species dynamics with parallel simple and hypercyclic replication. Abstracta Botanica 9, 141-151.

3. Szathmáry, E. (1990) Useful coding before translation: the coding coenzymes handle hypothesis for the origin of the genetic code. In: (B. Lukács et al. eds) Evolution: from Cosmogenesis to Biogenesis. pp. 77-83. KFKI-1990-50/C, Budapest.

4. Szathmáry, E. & Maynard Smith, J. (1993) The origin of genetic systems. Abstracta Botanica 17, 197-206.

In Hungarian

5. Szathmáry, E. (1984) Az egyedi szervezõdés gyökerei (The roots of individual organization). In: (Vida G., ed.) Evolúció IV. Az evolúcókutatás frontvonalai (Evolution IV. Frontiers of Evolution Research). pp. 37-157, Natura, Budapest.

6. Szathmáry, E. (1986) Dinamikus koegzisztenciális kölcsönhatások prebiológiai rendszerekben I. Áttekintés és perspektívák (Dynamical coexistential interactions in prebiotic systems I. Survey and perspectives). Biológia 34, 3-37.

7. Szathmáry, E. & Demeter, L. (1986) Dinamikus koegzisztenciális kölcsönhatások prebiológiai rendszerekben II. Replikátorok dinamikája kölcsönös, aspecifikus segítség esetén (Dynamical coexistential interactions in prebiotic systems II. Dynamics of replicators with an aspecific, mutual aid). Biológia 34, 39-64.

8. Szathmáry, E. (1986) Kényszerek a korai eukaryota evolúcióban (Constraints in early eukaryotic evolution). Abstracta Botanica 10, 131-144.

9. Szathmáry, E. & Demeter, L. (1989) Az evolúció legkorábbi egységei és az "RNS-világ" (The earliest evolutionary units and the RNA world). Tudomány (Hungarian edn of Sci. Amer.) 5(8), 76-84.

10. Szathmáry, E. (1989) A romlás virágai (Flowers of doom). In: (Koch S., ed.) A tökéletlenség és korlátosság dicsérete (In Praise of Imperfection and Limitedness). pp. 215-274. Gondolat, Budapest.

11. Szathmáry E. (1995) Az algák rendszere. In: (M. Járainé Komlódi, ed.) Pannon Enciklopédia. Magyarország növényvilága. pp. 68-69. Dunakanyar 2000, Budapest.

12. Szathmáry, E. (2000) Szathmáry Eörs. In: Monory M. A. and Tillmann J.A. (eds) Ezredvégi beszélgetések (End-of-Millennium Conversations). Pp. 400-412. Palatinus, Budapest.

13. Szathmáry, E. (2000) Az örökletes információ eredete. Magyar Tudomány 2000/11.

14. Szathmáry, E. (2002) Az emberi nyelvkészség eredete és a "nyelvi amõba". Magyar Tudomány 2002/1.

15. Szathmáry E. (2003) Miért négybetûs a genetikai ábécé? Magyar Tudomány 48, 2003/5 566-573.

16. Szathmáry, E. (2003) Kulturális folyamatok: Az utolsó nagy evolúciós átmenet. In: Pléh Cs., Kovács Gy. and Gulyás B. (eds): Kognitív idegtudomány. Osiris Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 32-48.

17. Szabó, P., Scheuring, I., Czárán, T. & Szathmáry, E. (2003) Prebiotikus replikáz-evolúció agyagásvány felületeken: molekuláris altruizmus térben explicit rendszerben [A fenti 69. sz. cikk magyar fordítása]. Magyar Tudomány 48, 2003/7.835-842.

18. Szathmáry, E. (2003) Az élet keletkezése. Magyar Tudomány 48, 2003/10. 1220-1247.

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