Aziz Al-Azmeh


Curriculum vitae.. 1

Academic Qualifications. 1

Honours and Distinctions. 1

Fellowships. 2

Present Position.. 2

Previous Appointments. 2

Visiting and ad hoc Appointments. 3

Dissemination of Research.. 3

Invited speaker (for purposes other than conferences). 4

Invited participant in conferences. 5

Teaching Experience.. 6

Institutional Experience.. 7

Media Experience.. 9

Publications. 9

Books 1: Monographs. 9

Books 2:  Collections of my Articles. 10

Books 3:  Edited Books. 10

Other Editorial Experience.. 11

Booklets. 11

Articles in Arabic (approximate titles). 12

Occasional writings for newspapers and other periodicals. 18

Forthcoming Publications. 20

Book Reviews. 20



Curriculum vitae

Name:                       Aziz Al-Azmeh

Date of Birth:      Damascus, 24 July 1947

Nationality:           British


Academic Qualifications

1971 License-ès-Lettres in Philosophy and Sociology, University of Alexandria/Beirut Arab University.

1973 Magister Artium in Philosophy with Islamic Studies and Political Science as a subsidiary subjects, Eberhard-Karls University, Tübingen.

1977 Doctor of Philosophy  in Oriental Studies, University of Oxford


Honours and Distinctions

1993 The Republican Order of Merit, for services to Arab culture, was conferred by the President of Tunisia in May.



1993-94 Nuffield Foundation Fellow in the Social Sciences.

1994-5 Fellow of the Wissenschaftskolleg (Institute of Advanced Study), Berlin.

1996-8 Fellow of the Wissenschaftskolleg (Institute of Advanced Study), Berlin.

1998 Fellow of the Swedish Collegium of Advanced Studies, Uppsala.

1999 Visiting Scholar, Centre for Middle Eastern Studies, University of Cambridge.

1999 Directeur de Recherches Associé, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris.

2000 Resident Scholar, Rockefeller Foundation Study Center, Bellagio.

2001 Visiting Scholar, Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Cambridge.

2001 Directeur de Recherches Associé, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris.


Present Position

Distinguished Visiting Professor, Humanities Center, Central European University, Budapest (from 2002),

Fellow, Institute for Advanced Study, Budapest (2005)


Previous Appointments

1980-81 Fellow of the Centre for Near East Studies, American University of Beirut.

1981-83 Lecturer in the Faculty of Letters, Kuwait University.

1983-December 1984 Research Fellow, University of Exeter.

1985-1996 Sharjah Professor of Islamic Studies, University of Exeter (on leave at  St. Antony's College, Oxford, 1989-90, 1993-94).

2000-2002 Zayed Professor of Islamic Studies, Department of History, American University of Beirut


Visiting and ad hoc Appointments

1993 Professor at the doctoral summer school of the Arab Sociological Association (Tunis).

1995 Visiting Professor, Center for the Study of Islam and of Muslim-Christian Understanding, Georgetown University, Fall semester

1996 Professor at the postgraduate summer school of the Arbeitskreis Moderne und Islam (Berlin).

1997 Professor at the postgraduate summer school of the Arbeitskreis Moderne und Islam (Berlin)

1999 Visiting Professor, Department of Middle East and Asian Languages and Cultures, Columbia University, New York, Fall semester

2000 Visiting Professor, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, Yale University, Spring semester

2000 Professor at the Mediterranean Studies doctoral summer school, Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence

2001 Sultan Visiting Professor, University of California, Berkeley, February

2002 Cleveland Dodge Distinguished Visiting Professor, American University of Cairo, February

2004 Professor at the summer university course on Reconsidering Islamic reformism, Central European University, Budapest

2004 Professor at the summer university course on Changing Landscapes of Late Antiquity, Central European University, Budapest


Dissemination of Research

Delivered the following named lectures:

The Regents' Lecture at the University of California, Berkeley (2001), the Cleveland Dodge Distinguished Visiting Professor lecture at the American University of Cairo (2002), a Ringvorlesung in the series Kontinuität und Wandel: Geschichtsbilder in verschiedenen Fächern und Kulturen (Zürich: University of Zürich and Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule – 1998), : the Berliner Festspiele and the Einstein Forum lecture in the series ‘Erbschaft Unserer Zeit’ at the Staatsbibliothek Berlin (1996), a Ringvorlesung at the Free University, Berlin (1996), the 19th George Antonius Lecture at St. Antony's College, Oxford (1994), the Distinguished Arabist Lecture at New England College (1991).


Invited speaker (for purposes other than conferences)

at, among others:


    The Universities of Cambridge (School of Divinity; Centre for Middle Eastern Studies), London (Birkbeck College, Department of Politics and Sociology), Oxford (The Oriental Institute, the Race Relations Seminar, The Near East History Group), Essex (Centre for Theoretical Studies in the Social Sciences and Humanities), Hull (Department of Sociology), St Andrews (Department of Arabic), Marrakech (Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Science), Damascus (Faculty of Letters), Lund (Faculty of Theology), Toronto (Religious Studies and Middle East Studies); Uppsala (Faculty of Theology);  Balamand; The International University of Japan (Middle East Studies); The Aga Khan University (Karachi); The American University of Sharjah; Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi), Jamia Millia Islamiya (New Delhi); India International Centre (New Delhi); the Central European University, Budapest (the Rectorate);  Markaz Dirasat al-Wahda al-`Arabiyya (Beirut), Markaz Dirasat al-Wahda al-`Arabiyya and The Cultural League (Tripoli, Lebanon), Centre for Women's Research (Amman); The American University of Beirut (Center for Behavioral Research); The Lebanese American University (Beirut); The Free University, Berlin (Institute of Politics, Institute of Islamic Studies, Institute of Ethnology), The University of California, Berkeley (Mellon Foundation Symposium), The University of Virginia, Charlottesville (joint invitation from the departments of Government, Philosophy, and History), The University of Chicago (Divinity School), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (The Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture), Harvard University (Centre of Middle East Studies), Princeton University (Department of Near Eastern Studies), Yale University (The Witney Humanities Centre), the Tunisian University (Faculty of Letters and Social Studies), the Zeitouna University (Tunis), the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris), the Collège International de Philosophie (Paris), Maison des Sciences de l'Homme (Nantes),  Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (Madrid), The Einstein Forum (Potsdam), Institut du Monde Arabe (Paris), The Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (New Delhi), The Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (New Delhi), The Arbetermas Bildnings Forbund (Stockholm), The Haus der Kulturen der Welt (Berlin), The International Institute for Islamic Thought and Civilization (Kuala Lumpur), The Royal Institute of International Affairs (London), Centre d'Etudes et de Documentation Economique, Juridique et Sociale (Cairo), Arab Lawyers' Union (Cairo), The Shoman Foundation (Amman), The Royal Cultural Centre (Amman), Institut de Recherche sur le Maghreb Contemporain (Rabat), the Goethe Forum (Munich); The Cultural and Scientific Association (Dubai), the Zayed Centre for Heritage and History  (al-`Ayn).


Invited participant in conferences

as chairman, speaker, respondent, or keynote speaker in:


    Aix-en-Provence (under the auspices of IREMAM), Aleppo (Institute for the History of Arabic Science), Alexandria (The Swedish Institute), Al-`Ayn, United Arab Emirates (Zayed Centre for Heritage and Folklore), Amman (Bir Zeit University; The Joranian University ; The Association of Arab-American University Graduates;), Amsterdam and Oosterbeek (The Erasmus Ascension Symposium, 1996), Århus (Centre for Cultural Studies, University of Århus), Beirut (American University of Beirut; Arab Organisation for Translation; Arab Sociey for Economic Research; Markaz Dirasat al-Wahda al-`Arabiyya; UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia; The United Nations Development Programme, Bahithat/Multaqa al-mar`a wa’dh-Dhakira/American University of Beirut), Berlin (Humboldt University, Centre Franco-Allemand de Recherches en Sciences Sociales, Haus der Kulturen der Welt), Buenos Aires (International Political Science Association), Budapest (Central European University), Cairo (Al-Ahram Centre for International Studies, Markaz Dirasat al-Wahda al-`Arabiyya), Cambridge (Department of Social Anthropology and the Middle East Centre), Casablanca (Fondation du Roi Abdel Aziz ,  Institut du Monde Arabe), Chicago (University of Chicago, Divinity School), Dakar (UNESCO), Damascus (University of Damascus and The jordanian university),  Fez (Markaz Dirasat al-Wahda al-`Arabiyya), New Delhi (India Social Institute), Granada (The Agha Khan Trust for Culture), Guernsey (the Ford Foundation), Hammamet, Tunisia (The Tunisian Society for Philosophical Studies), Honolulu (University of Hawaii), Kairouan (Faculty of Letters; Centre for Islamic Studies), Kuala Lumpur (International Institute for Islamic Thought and Civilization), Kuwait (The Graduates' Society, Kuwait University), Kyoto (International Institute for Advanced Studies), Leeds (Leeds University),  Leiden (Leiden Institute for the Study of Religion), London (the journal Maw®qif; School of Oriental and African Studies; The Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine; the Arts Council of Great Britain; The Arab Human Rights Organization; The City University), Lund (The Nordic Society for Middle East Studies), Marrakesh (The United Nations and the Government of Morocco: The Fourth Global Forum), Oxford (All Souls College; Association of Arab-American University Graduates; Oxford Arab Group; Oxford Union Society), Paris (CNRS; College Internationale de Philosophie; Bertelsmann Stiftung; Institut du Monde Arabe, UNESCO); Sanaa (The University), Sousse (Tunisian Historical Sociey), Tunis (Ministry of Culture; UNESCO), Washington D.C. (The World Bank, The American University; The Association of Arab-American University Graduates), Varenna (Fondazione ENI Enrico Mattei), Wilton Park (Royal Institute of International Affairs).


Teaching Experience

    Taught undergraduate and postgraduate courses across the whole thematic range of Arab and Islamic historical studies, medieval and modern, at the the Central European University, the American University of Beirut, Yale University, Columbia University, and the University of Exeter. Taught a number of advanced interdisciplinary courses, often in collaboration with colleagues from different fields, some designed for summer schools or thematic working groups (for example, a year-long doctoral and post-doctoral seminar held at the Berlin Institute of Advanced Study on "Culture and the Transferability of Concepts in the Social and Human Sciences"; other interdisciplinary courses of a more routine nature (for example, seminars in the academic year 2002-3 on medieval political thought Christian, Islamic and Jewish, and on the school of the Annales, at the Central European University)

   Supervised over the years a considerable number of doctoral and master's theses to a successful conclusion, both at universities where I was a member of staff and as an external supervisor. Acted as internal and external examiner to doctoral and master's defences at universities in the UK, in Europe, and in the Arab World.

    Among postgraduate courses taught: Arabic sources for the history of medieval Europe (CEU), Introduction to Arab cultural history (CEU), medieval Arabic historical sources (CEU), the Annales school (CEU), medieval political thought (CEU), Islam and Late Antiquity (CEU), modern Arabic historical writing (American University of Beirut), topics and methods in Middle East studies (American University of Beirut), medieval Arabic historical sources (American University of Beirut), Ibn Khaldun (American University of Beirut), Historiography (American University of Beirut), Arabic historiography (Columbia and Yale),  Islamic political thought (Columbia and Yale).

         Among undergraduate courses taught (all at the University of Exeter): medieval Islamic history (annually), medieval Muslim societies, history of the Arabs, Islamic theology and philosophy, Ibn Khaldun.


Institutional Experience

Initiator of the annual colloquium organized by the Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter. Convenor of the first three such colloquia (1984-87). Convener of conferences at the Aspen Institute, Berlin, with the support of the Institute for Advanced Study, Berlin, and the Centre Marc Bloch de Recherches en Sciences Sociales, Berlin, and at the Institute of Advanced Study, Berlin. Convenor, with the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme (with Dr. Nadia al-Bagdadi) of a colloquium on "Mapping the Gaze: Vision in Arab Culture". Covenor, with the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris, and the Central European university, Budapest, of the colloquium on "Islam in Late Antiquity". Project director of the second in the series of Transatlantic Dialogues, held at the Council on Foreign Relations, New York, sponsored by the Central European University, Budapest, and financed by the Carnegie Institute. Convenor of an international conference on the UNDP Arab Human Development Reports, with the Central European University, Budapest, al-Akhawayn University, Ifren, Morocco, the UNDP, and the Ford Foundation, held under the patronage of HM King Muhammad VI.


Co-Director (with Dr. Nadia al-Bagdadi) of the summer university course on Reconsidering Islamic reformism, Central European University, Budapest


Former member of Senate and of the Board of the Faculty of Arts at the University of Exeter. Service on various university committees. Consultant to ALECSO (Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization), UNDP, UNITAR (United Nations Institute for Training and Research (Dakar), The World Bank, the Council of Europe, BBC television, BBC World Service, the Open University, and various publishers and research organizations.

Assessor for professorial appointments and promotions at universities in the UK, Jordan, the United States, and Malaysia.

Referee for research projects presented to various foundations and other funding agencies. Assessor of applications for fellowship at various institutes for advanced study and other research organisms.

Member of the Arbeitskreis Moderne und Islam, Institute for Advanced Studies, Berlin (conferences, selections of Fellows for the Institute, running a post-doctoral fellowships programme, mounting an annual doctoral and post-doctoral summer school)

Member of the Scientific Board of the Member of the International Advisory Board, Center for Historical Studies, Central European University

Member of the Advisory Board of the Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies (online)

Member of the Consultative Committee of the Arab Organisation for Translation, Beirut,  and Chairman of the Humanities and Social Sciences committee.

Membership of various committees involving the Institut du Monde Arabe (Paris), IREMAM (Aix-en-Provence), the King Abdul Aziz Foundation for Islamic Studies and Human Sciences (Casablanca), the Institut Français des Relations Internationales (Paris), The Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (Athens) -- chairman of the project "Islam and Christianity in the 21st. century", UNESCO, the Institute for Advanced Study, Berlin, the Centre Marc Bloch de Recherches en Sciences Sociales, Berlin, UNESCO International Centre for Human Sciences, Byblos, Geisteswissenschaftliches Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin,  the Free and Humboldt Universities, Berlin.

Sometime member of the Permanent Consultative Committee of the Arab Community Conference in the United Kingdom.

Sometime Chairman of the British Section of the Arab Human Rights Organization.

Former member of the Board of Directors of Arts Worldwide (London).

Member of the Arab Thought Forum, Amman

Member of the consultative Board of the series Culture, Religion and International Relations published in London by Pelgrave Publishers

Member of the editorial board of the Medieval History Journal

Member of the consultative board of the quarterly Ab‘®d.

Member of the Board of Governors of the monthly Af®q al-Isl®m.

Member of the Editorial Committe of the journal Al-Nahj.

Formerly editor of Al-Mustaqbal al-‘Arab¬.

Former member of the editorial boards of the Review of Middle East Studies and of Dir®s®t ‘Arabiyya.


Media Experience

Broadcaster on television in the United Kingdom (The Late Show and Fifth Column on BBC2; Bandung File and Rear Window on Channel 4; interviews on BBC2 and Channel 4); television interviews with Arte and in Tunisia, Morocco,  the Yemen, and with various Arab satellite and cable channels. Radio interviews and other programmes (BBC Radio 4 and BBC World Service;  Süddeutsche Rundfunk; the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation; Sender Freies Berlin (3rd. programme), Westdeutscher Funk, and programmes in Syria, Lebanon, Tunisia, and the Yemen). Interviews in various periodicals, Arab and international.





Books 1: Monographs

1981 Ibn Khaldun in Modern Scholarship, London, Third World Centre for Research and Publishing, pp xxix, 333.

1982 Ibn Khaldun: An Essay in Reinterpretation , London, Frank Cass, pp. 176. Paperback edition: London, Routledge, 1990; paperback impression: Cairo, American University of Cairo Press, 1993.2nd. edn. (hardback and paperback), Budapest, Central European University Press, 2003, pp. 163. Arabic translation by A. Nasif, Beirut, Dar al-Tali‘a 1983; 2nd ed., 1987.

1983 Historical Writing and Historical Knowledge: Introduction to the Craft of Historical Writing in Arab-Islamic Culture (in Arabic), Beirut, Dar al-Tali‘a; 2nd ed., 1995; pp.151

1986 Arabic Thought and Islamic Societies , London, Croom Helm, pp.xii, 295

1991 Arabs and Barbarians: Medieval Arabic Ethnology and Ethnography (in Arabic) - London: Riad El-Rayyes Books, pp. 246.

1992 Secularism in Modern Arab Life and Thought (in Arabic) - Beirut, Markaz Dirasat al-Wahda al-`Arabiyya. pp.378; 2nd edition, 1998.

1997 Muslim Kingship: Power and the Sacred in Muslim, Christian, and Pagan Polities, London: I B Tauris. pp. 296; paperback edition, 2000. Arabic translation in press by Qudmus Publishers, Damascus.

2000 Secularism: A Dialogue (in Arabic -- with `A. al-Masiri), Damascus, Dar al-Fikr al-Mu`asir, pp. 334.

2003 Constantine Zureik (in Arabic), Beirut, Institute for Palestine Studies, pp. 297


Books 2:  Collections of my Articles

1987 The Politics and the History of 'Heritage' (in Arabic), Beirut, Dar al-Tali‘a and Casablanca: Manshurat ‘Uyun; 2nd. ed., 1990. pp.174.

1993 Islams and Modernities , London, Verso, pp.157. A second edition, incorporating two further chapters, appeared in 1996; 197 pp. Electronic version: New York, Questia Online Library, 2001.German translation by Ulrich Enderwitz as Die Islamisierung des Islam , Frankfurt, Campus Verlag, 1996; 244 pp. Turkish translation by Elcin Gen as Islamlar ve Moderniteler, Istanbul, Iletisim, 2003 (Politika, 45); pp. 278. A French translation is being commissioned by Actes Sud, Paris

1996 Religion and Society in the Contemporary Arab World, (in Arabic) Beirut, Dar al-Tali‘a, pp 232; 2nd revised edition,  2002, pp. 255.


Books 3:  Edited Books

1988 Islamic Law: Social and Historical Contexts (London: Routledge); 2nd. impression, 1989. Turkish translation by Fethi Gedikli as Sosyal ve Tarihi Baglami Icinde Islam Hukuku, Istanbul, I¤ Yayincilik, 1992.

1995 (with Fawwaz Trabulsi)  Ahmad Faris al-Shidyaq: Unknown Works,  with an Intoduction (in Arabic), Beirut, Riad El-Rayyes Books; pp. 420 .

2000 Ibn Taimiyya: An Anthology, with an Introduction (in Arabic), Beirut, Riyad al-Rayyes Books; pp. 499.

2000 Al-Mawardi: An Anthology, with an Introduction (in Arabic), Beirut, Riad al-Rayyes Books; pp. 333.

2000 Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhab: An Anthology, with an Introduction (in Arabic), Beirut, Riad al-Rayyes Books; pp. 151.

2000 Ibn Khaldun's History: An Anthology, with an Intoduction (in Arabic), Beirut, Riyad al-Rayyes Books; pp. 297.

2001 Abu Bakr al-Razi: An Anthology, with an Introduction (in Arabic), Beirut, Riyad El-Rayyes Books, pp. 203

2001 Al-Mas`udi: An Anthology, with an Introduction (in Arabic), Beirut, Riyad El-Rayyes Books, pp. 419

2002 Ibn al-Rewandi: An Anthology ,with an Introduction (in Arabic), Beirut, Riad El-Rayyes Books, pp. 139

2004 (with Janos Bak), Monotheistic Kingship. The Medieval Variants, Budapest, Central European University Press


Other Editorial Experience

1989 Editor for the articles on Islamic subjects for the British and Commonwealth edition of the Columbia Encyclopedia, (The Longmans Encyclopedia, London).

Consultant Editor, Chronicles of the Crusades, ed. Elizabeth Hallam, New York and London, Weidenfekd and Nicolson, 1989

Initiator and sometime General Editor of the Exeter Arabic and Islamic Series.



1986 Islamic Studies and the European Imagination. Inaugural Lecture, Exeter, University of Exeter, Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies, pp.18. A shorter version appeared in The Times Higher Education Supplement, 19 and 26/12/1986; reprinted in my Islams and Modernities.

1992 "Authenticity" and the Flight from Reality, London, Al-Saqi Books (in Arabic) - pamphlet containing the text of my article "Authenticity and its Cognates" consolidated with an Arabic translation of my "Islamist Revivalism and Western Ideologies", pp. 87.

1996 Reconstituting Islam, Washington, D.C., Georgetown University, Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, Occasional Papers Series, pp. 26; Swedish translation as "Att rekonstituera islam", in Tidskrift för mellanösternstudier, n. 2, 1998, pp. 4-21

2003 L'Obscurantisme postmoderne et la question musulmane, Paris, Sindbad-Acted Sud, pp. 55 (translation by Y. Jraissati of "Postmodern Obscurantism" below)

2004 After the Fact: Reading Tocqueville in Baghdad, Budapest, Central European University (CEU Occasional Papers, no. 1), pp. 28


Articles in Arabic (approximate titles)

1981 "Considerations on Contemporary Islamic Movements", Dirasat ‘Arabiyya 17, no.6, pp.48-58.

    "The Notion of Cultural Authenticity", Al-Karmel 1, no.2, pp.80-98.

    "The Expression of Orientalist Notions", Al-Mustaqbal al-‘Arabi 32, pp.43-62.

    "The Notion of the Political in Islamic Thought", Al-Fikr al-Arabi  3, no.22, pp.281-291.

1982 "Religion, Culture and the Concept of Ideology", Al-Fikr al-Arabi al-Mu‘asir 20-22, pp.25-36.

1983 "The Politics and History of 'Heritage'", Dirasat ‘Arabiyya  19, no.8, pp.60-92.

1985 "Objective" Marxism and the End of History: A Discussion of the Ideas of Abdallah Laroui', Dirasat ‘Arabiyya  21, no.3, pp.3-27.

[All the above articles were reprinted in my The Politics and History of 'Heritage']

1986 "The Discourse on the Nation and the Politics of Discourse", Dirasat ‘Arabiyya  23, no.1, pp.52-59.

1987 "The Historicity of the Reason and the Critique of Reason", Dirasat ‘Arabiyya 23, no.5, pp.3-20. Reprinted in The Politics and History of 'Heritage'.

1990 "Myth, Text, and History", Islam and Modernity (in Arabic - London, Al-Saqi Books), pp.259-284. Reprinted in Religion and Society in the Contemporary Arab World.

    "Authenticity and its Cognates", Dirasat ‘Arabiyya  26, no. 12, pp.31-52.

1993 "Religion and the World in the Arab Present", Dirasat ‘Arabiyya 29, no. 5-6, pp.3-17. Reprinted in Qadaya Fikriyya 13/14 (1993), pp.346-355. French translation as "Le religieux et le temporel dans le present arabe", Revue d'Etudes Palestiniennes 49 (1993), pp.65-80; German translation as "Imaginäre Welten des Islamismus: Das Religiöse und das Weltliche in der arabischen Gegenwart", Merkur 49, no. 7 (1995), pp 582-594; English translation as “The Religious and the Secular in Contemporary Arab Life”, in the second edition of my Islams and Modernities, pp. 458. The Arabic original is reprinted in Religion and Society in the Contemporary Arab World

    "Secularism in the Mashriqi Nahda", Al-Ma‘rifa (Damascus) 32, no.360, pp.8-27.

    "The Islamisation of Knowledge and the Politics of the Irrational", Qadaya Fikriyya 13/14, pp.407-414.

1994 "Secularism and the Transformation of Arab Societies: A Response to Critics", Dirasat ‘Arabiyya 30, no. 11-12, pp 3-19. Reprinted in Religion and Society in the Contemporary Arab World.

    "Arab Societies and the Question of Democracy", Al-Nahj 11, no. 37, pp 197-208. Reprinted in Religion and Society in the Contemporary Arab World.

1995 "Irrationalism in Modern Arab Thought", Abwab, 4 (Spring), pp 22-35. Reprinted in Religion and Society in the Contemporary Arab World.

    "The Renaissance Outsider" (with Fawwaz Traboulsi), Introduction to our edition of Ahmad Faris al-Shidyaq: Unknown Works, Beirut, Riad el-Rayyes Books, pp. 7-47.

1996 "Tradition and Globalisation", Al-Nahj 6, pp 86-100; reprinted in Religion and Society in the Contemporary Arab World, pp 33-48, and in The Arab World and Alternative Projects for Integration, Beirut, Markaz Dirasat al-Wahda al-`Arabiyya and Cairo, Arab Society for Economic Research, 1997, pp. 87-102

1997 "The Limits of Reformist Discourse", Dirasat ‘Arabiyya  33, no. 9-10, pp. 2-12. Reprinted in my Religion and Society, 2nd. ed., pp. 125-138

1998 "History, Arab Nationalism, and Secularism: Constantin Zureik in Counterpoint", Majallat al-Dirasat al-Filastiniyya 35, pp. 3-22. Reprinted in al-Tariq, 60/4(2001), pp. 100-115

1999 "Whither the Nahda ? Politics and the Attrition of Modernism", in Abwab 21, pp. 9-28; also in `Asr al-nahda: muqaddimat libaraliyya lil-hadatha, Beirut. Rene Mu`awwad Foundation and al-Nadi al-Thaqafi al-`Arabi, 2000, pp. 75-95.

2001 " An Investigation of Current Concepts and Distinctions" (in Arabic), in Abwab, 29, pp. 9-27, reprinted as "Religion, Culture, Political Culture: An Investigation of Concepts and Distinctions" in my Religion and Society, 2nd. ed., pp. 66-79

2001 "The Global Environment" (in Arabic) in Towards an Arab Civilisation, Beirut, Markaz Dirasat al-Wahda al-`Arabiyya, Beirut, pp. 167-188 (Discussions and comments: pp. 189-228)


Articles in European Languages:

1976 "What is the Islamic City", Rev. of Middle Eastern Studies 2, pp. 31-52.

    "The Progressive Forces", in Essays on the Crisis in Lebanon , ed. R. Owen, London, pp. 59-72.

1979 "The Muqaddima and Kitab al-‘Ibar; Perspectives from a Common Formula", The Maghreb Review 4, no.1.

1981 "The Articulation of Orientalism", in Arab Studies Quarterly 3, pp.384-402.

1984 "L'annalistique entre l'histoire et le pouvoir: Une conception de l'histoire sous-jacente aux chroniques, biographies et gestes dans l'aire culturelle arabo-islamique", Histoire et diversité des cultures, ed. UNESCO, Paris, pp.95-116. (A Spanish translation appeared under the title Historia y diversidad de las culturas, Barcelona, 1984), pp.118-143.

1986 "Histoire et narration dans l'historiographie arabe", Annales, Economies, Sociétés, Civilizations 41, no. 2, pp.409-430.

    "Wahhabite Polity" in Arabia and the Gulf; From Traditional Society to the Modern States, ed. I.R. Netton, London, Croom Helm, pp.75-90. Reprinted in Aziz Al-Azmeh, Islams and Modernities. London 1993.

1987 "Islamic Political Thought" and "Ibn Khaldun", Blackwell's Encyclopedia of Political Thought (Oxford, Blackwell's); Hungarian translation, Budapest, Kossuth, 1995.

1988 "The Middle East and Islam: A Ventriloqual Terrorism", Third World Affairs 1987 (London, Third World Foundation), pp.23-34.

    "Islamic Legal Theory and the Appropriation of Reality" in Islamic Law: Historical and Social Contexts , ed. A. Al-Azmeh, London, Routledge, pp.250-265. Turkish translation as "Islam Hukuk Kavrami ve Gercekligin özgülestirilmesi", in Sosyal ve Tarihi Baglami Icinde Islam Hukuku, ed. Aziz El-Azme, translated by Fethi Gedikli, Istanbul, Iz Yayincilik, 1992, pp.317-336.

    "Islamism and Arab Nationalism", Review of Middle East Studies 4, pp.33-51. Reprinted in my Islams and Modernities . Turkish translation as "Arap Milliyetiligi ve Islamcilik" in Toplum ve Bilim, (Istanbul), 29/30 (1985), pp 29-43.

    "Orthodoxy and Hanbalite Fideism", Arabica 35, pp.253-266

1990 "Utopia in Islamic Political Thought", History of Political Thought 11, pp.9-20. Reprinted in my Islams and Modernities.

1991 "The Discourse of Cultural Authenticity: Islamist Revivalism and Enlightenment Universalism", Eliot Deutsch (ed.), Culture and Modernity. East-West Philosophic Perspectives, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, pp.468-486. Reprinted in my Islams and Modernities.

    "Islamist Revivalism and Western Ideologies", History Workshop Journal 32, pp.44-53. Reprinted in my Islams and Modernities.

1992 "Barbarians in Arab Eyes", Past and Present 134, pp.3-18.

    "Muslim Genealogies of Knowledge", History of Religions no. 3, May, pp.403-411.

    "Mortal Enemies, Invisible Neighbours: Northerners in Andalusian Eyes", The Legacy of Muslim Spain, edited by Salma Khadra Jayyusi, Leiden, E.J. Brill, pp 259-272; Arabic translation in Al-Hadara al-‘Arabiyya al-Islamiyya f¬'l-Andalus, Beirut, Markaz Dirasat al-Wahda al-‘Arabiyya, 1998, vol. 1, pp. 398-410.

1993 "Muslim 'Culture' and the European Tribe", in my Islams and Modernities, pp.1-17.

    "Islamism and the Arabs" in my Islams and Modernities, pp. 18-38.

1994 "Populism Contra Democracy: Recent Democratist Discourse in the Arab World", G. Salamé (ed.): Democracy without Democrats, London, I.B. Tauris, pp. 112-129; French translation in Démocraties sans démocrates, Paris, Fayard, 1994, pp 233-252; Arabic translation in Dımuqratiyya min dun dimuqratiyin, Beirut, Markaz Dirasat al-Wahda al-‘Arabiyya, 1995, pp 207-228; German translation in my Die Islamisierung des Islam, pp 145-175; Persian translation in Goftegu,  14 , 1375 [1997], pp. 85-107.

    "Chronophagous Discourse: A Study of the Clerico-Legal Appropriation of the World in a Muslim Tradition", Religion and Practical Reason. New Essays in the Comparative Philosophy of Religions, ed. Frank Reynolds and David Tracey, Albany, State University of New York Press (Chicago Studies in the Philosophy of Religions), pp 163-212.

1995 "Rhetoric for the Senses: A Consideration of Muslim Paradise Narratives", Journal of Arabic Literature 26, no. 3, pp 215-231; French translation in La Virilité en Islam, eds. by Fethi Benslama and Nadia Tazi, Paris 1998, pp. 75-90.

    "Nationalism and the Arabs", Arab Studies Quarterly 17, no. 1-2, pp. 1-18; reprinted in Arab Nation, Arab Nationalism: The Antonius Lectures, ed. D. Hopwood, London, Macmillan, 2000, pp. 63-78. French translation as “Les Arabes, la nation, et le nationalisme”, Revue d’Etudes Palestiniennes, n.s., no. 3 (Spring, 1995), pp. 81-93.

1996 "Culturalism, Grand Narrative of Capitalism Exultant", in my Islams and Modernities (second edition), pp 17-40. Reprinted in Cross-Cultural Conversation, ed. Anindita Niyogi Balslev, Atlanta, Scholars Press, 1996 (American Academy for Religion, Cultural Criticism Series, no. 5), pp. 77-100.

    "Muslim Modernism and the Canonical Text”, in my Islams and Modernities, 2nd. ed., pp. 101-127; reprinted in Islam and the Challenge of Modernity: Historical and Contemporary Contexts, ed. Sharifa Shifa Al-Attas, Kuala Lumpur, International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization, 1997, pp. 391-428.

1998 "Geschichte, Kultur und die Suche nach dem Organischen", Die Vielfalt der Kulturen: Erinnerung, Geschichte, Identität 4, eds. J. Rüsen, M. Gottlob and M. Mittag (Frankurt/M., Suhrkamp), pp. 74-114.

    "Muslim History, Reflections on Periodisation and Categorisation", The Medieval History Journal 1/2, pp.195-231.

    "Afterword" to Mushirul Hasan (ed.), Islam, Communities, and the Nation. Muslims in South Asia and Beyond, New Delhi, Menohar Publishers, pp. 491-506.

    "The Muslim Canon from Late Antiquity to the Age of Modernism: Typology, Utility, and History", in Canonization and Decanonization,  ed. A. van der Kooij and K. van den Toorn, Leiden, Brill (Studies in the History of Religions -- Numen  Book Series, vol. LXXXII), pp. 191-228

    "Ibn Khaldun", "al-Mas‘udi", and "Muqaddima", in Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature, eds. Julie Scott Meisami and Paul Starkey, London, Routledge.

1999 "Die Kohärenz des Westens: Eine nüchterne Romanze", in Westliches Geschichtsdenken , ed. J. Rüsen, Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1999, pp. 106-116; English version in J. Rüsen  (ed.), Western Historical Thinking: An Intercultural Debate, New York and Oxford, Berghahn Books, 2002, pp. 58-64

    "Genealogie, Typologie, und Organismus: Islamische und andere. Geschichtsverläfe", in Kontinuität und Wandel: Geschichtsbildern in verschiedenen Fächern und Kulturen , eds. E. Schulz and W. Sonne, Zürich, Hochschul Verlag an der ETH Zürich , pp.453-478

2001 “Civilisation, Culture, and the New Barbarians”, in International Sociology, 16/1, pp. 75-93; Arabic translation as "Al-Hadara wa'th-Thaqafa wa'l-Barbariyya al-jadida", in Al-Thaqafa al-`Alamiyya, 113(2002), pp. 6-27

2001 "Civilization, Concept and History of", in International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Oxford, Pergamon Press, pp. 1903-1909

2001 "Islamic Fundamentalism", in International Encyclopedia of the Social   and Behavioral Sciences, Oxford, Pergamon Press, pp. 7931-34

2003 "Postmodern Obscurantism and 'The Muslim Question'", in Leo Panitch and Colin Leys (eds.), Fighting Identities: Race, Religion and Ethno-Nationalism (The Socialist Register, 2003), New York and London, Monthly Review Press and the Merlin Press, pp. 28-50. Republished online in Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, 5(2003), pp. 21-47.

2004 "Une question postmoderne ?", in Nadia Tazi (ed.), Les mots du monde: l'identité, Paris, La Découverte, pp. 11-24

2004 "Islam and the History of Civilisations", in Tidskrift för Mellanöststudier, no. 2, pp. 61-87

2004 “Monotheistic Kingship”, in Monotheistic Kingship, ed. J. Bak and A. Al-Azmeh,  pp. 9-29

2004 “God’s Chronography and Dissipative Time: Vaticinium ex eventu in Classical and Medieval Muslim Apocalyptic Traditions”, in Medieval History Journal, 7/2, pp. 199-225


Occasional writings for newspapers and other periodicals

1.             In European languages:


 “Obituary: Maxime Rodinson”, Iran Bulletin and Middle East Forum, series II, no. 2, winter 2004-2005, p. 37

    "Muslime und Supermuslime", Basler Zeitung -- Magazin 1, March 1997.

    "Images-miroirs de l'orientalisme", Qantara 13, November-December 1994, pp 37-38.

    "Speaking Volumes", The Times Higher Education Supplement, 24.12.1993.

    "Rushdie, le traitre", Pour Rushdie, Paris, La Decouverte, 1993, pp.33-35 (English version as "Rushdie, the Traitor", For Rushdie, New York, W. Braziller, 1994, pp. 24-28).

    "Poisoned Utopia", The Guardian, 17/2/1989 (reprinted in The Bedside Guardian, 1989 and in The Rushdie File, ed. L. Appinagnesi and S. Maitland, London 1990).

    "The Satanic Flame", New Statesman, 20.1.1989 (reprinted in The Rushdie File).


2.             In Arabic


    "Constantine Zurayk (1909-2000) ", in Al-`Arabi, 507 (February, 2001), pp. 52-57

    "Journey to Sweden ", Al-Nahar -- al-Mulhaq, 30.1.1999, pp. 10-12

    "On the Etiquette of Dialogue between the Shaikh and the Doctor", Al-Nahar -- al-Mulhaq, 20.2.1999, pp. 12-13

    "‘Uthman's Tunic and Mu‘awiya's Hair", Al-Naqid 64 (1993), pp.12-16.

    "The Symphony of Pleasures: Sensual Pleasure in Paradise", Al-Naqid 61 (1993), pp. 26-29.

    "On the End of Arab Nationalism", Al-Quds al-`Araiı, 17.1.1993.

    "Why Renan?", Al-Hayat, 19.12.1992 -- reprinted in Religion and Society in the Contemporary Arab World

    "Disengaging Arab Nationalism from Islamism", in Al-Naqid 33 (1991), pp.19-21 (reprinted in The Return of Colonialism, London, Riyad El-Rayyes Books, 1991, pp.221-229).

    "The Arabs and Democracy", Al-Naqid 4 (1991), pp.6-11-- reprinted in Al-Dimuqratiya 25.7.1991.

    "Leaves from an Indian Diary", Zawaya, 3 (1990), pp.48-50.

    "On the Cultural Expansion of Islamism", in Al-Naqid 9 (1989), pp.9-11 (translated as "Les Versets Sataniques de Salman Rushdie: Version nouvelle de la tunique d'Osman", in Sou'al, 9-10 (1989), pp.159-169.


Various published interviews and discussions, such as an interview with Anwâl (Rabat) on 23, 24, 25 and 27 March 1992, Al-Manabir (Beirut) 63 (August, 1991), pp.23-30, Al-Katiba 3 (March, 1994), pp. 4-9 and 11-12 (October-November, 1994), pp. 18-24, Al-Ahram, 21.3.1994, p.10, Afkar (Amman), 123 (February, 1996), pp. 116-124, Die Zeit, 16.5.1997, Iran Bulletin Spring-Summer, 1997, pp. 17-27 and Summer 1998, pp. 15-18, The Indian Express 29.11.1997, as-Safir, 26.1.1998. A round-table discussion of my Secularism in Modern Arab Life and Thought was published in Al-Mustaqbal al-‘Arabi, 171 (May, 1993), pp.122-147; it is reprinted in my Religion and Society in the Contemporary Arab World.


Juvenalia (a book, translations, and articles) published in 1969, 1970, and 1971.


Forthcoming Publications

"Imperial Œcumenism and Hegemonic Civilisation: Reflections on Islam and translatio imperii", in A. Rieber and A. Al-Azmeh (eds.), Empire, Globalisation and Hegemony

Review of Saleh Said Agha, The Revolution which toppled the Umayyads: Neither Arab not `Abbasid, Leiden, Brill, 2003, in Medieval History Journal

Obituary of Maxime Rodinson, in the Middle East Bulletin


Book Reviews

2004 The Revolution which toppled the Umayyads: Neither Arab not `Abbasid, Leiden, by Saleh Said Agha, Leiden, Brill, 2003, in Medieval History Journal, 7/1, pp.


2002 The Armies of the Caliphs. Military and Society in the Early Islamic State, by Hugh Kennedy, Cambridge University Press, 2001, in Medieval History Journal, 5/1, pp. 175-177

2001 Islam and the Present: Challenges and Horizons (in Arabic), by S. R. al-Buti and T. Tizini, Damascus, Dar al-Fikr, 1998 (Al-Fikr al-`Arabi al-Mu`asir, 116-117, pp. 56-62

2000 The Dream Palace of the Arabs: A Generation’s Odyssey, by Fouad Ajami, New York, Pantheon Press, 1998 (Journal of Palestine Studies, XXIX.2, pp. 108-9

1999 Islam in Britain, 1558-1685, by Nabil Matar. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1998 (Renaissance Studies, 13.4, pp. 498-501)

1998 The Curse of Cain: The Violent Legacy of Monotheism, by Regina M. Schwartz,  Chicago University Press, 1996 (Journal of Religion, 78.4, pp. 614-616)

1998  A History of Islamic Legal Theories. An Introduction to Sunni Usul al-fiqh by Wael Hallaq, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997 (History of Religions, 38.1, pp. 79-80 )

1997 Arabic Historical Thought in the Classical Period, by Tarif Khalidi, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press,1994 (History Workshop Journal, 42, Autumn,  pp. 264-9.

1996 Majnün: The Madman in Medieval Muslim Society, by Michael W. Dols, edited by Diane E. Immisch, Oxford, The Clarendon Press (History Workshop Journal 41, pp 296-7)

1994 Culture and Intellectuals in Arab Society (in Arabic), (Al-Mustaqbal al-Arabi,  180, pp.118-123).

1993 The Mental Taboo. Salman Rushdie and the Truth within Literature (in Arabic) by Sadiq Al-Azm, (Al-Naqid 59, pp.55-57).

1992 Postmodernism & Islam. Predicament and Promise by Akbar S. Ahmed, (British Society for Middle Eastern Studies Newsletter 7, no.1, p. 23).

    The History of the Arab Peoples, by Albert Hourani, (History Workshop Journal 33, pp. 258-9).

                                                 Islam in European Thought by Albert Hourani, (The Journal of Religion, 72/4, pp.621-2).

    The Despotic State in the Arab East (in Arabic), by Khaldun Al-Naqib, (Al-Mustaqbal al-‘Arabi, 159, pp. 153-156).

1991 Race and Slavery in the Middle East by Bernard Lewis (International Affairs 67/4, p.826).

    The Crisis of Modern Islam by Bassam Tibi (Journal of the American Oriental Society 111, p.202).

    Arab Intellectuals and the West: The Psychoanalysis of a Collective Neurosis (in Arabic) by George Tarabishi,(Al-Naqid 66, pp.66-67).

1989 In Search of Shadows: Conversations with Egyptian Women by Wedad Zenie-Ziegler (The Middle East, April, pp.41-42).

    A History of Islamic Societies by Ira M. Lapidus (The Times Higher Education Supplement, 17.2.1989).

1988 A Touch of Genius. The Life of T.E. Lawrence, by M. Brown and J. Cave (The Middle East, November, pp.33-34).

    The Averroeistic Corpus (in Arabic) by Jamal al-Din al-Alawi (Al-Hayat, 28.10.1988).

    Isabelle: The Life of Isabelle Eberhardt by Annette Kobak (The Middle East, September, p.45).

    Asad, The Sphinx of Damascus by Moshe Maoz (The Middle East, July, p.51).

    An Introduction to Islam by Gerhard Endress (The Times Higher Education Supplement, 17.6.1988).

    Images of Women: The Portrayal of Women in Photography of the Middle East, 1860-1950 by Sarah Graham-Browne (The Middle East, June, p.47).

    Discovering Islam by Akbar Ahmad (The Middle East, April, pp.51-2).

    Islam and the State by P.J. Vatikiotis and Nostradamus and the Millennium by J. Hogue (The Middle East, February, pp.33-4).

    Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World by Partha Chatterjee, The Difficult Dialogue: Marxism and Nationalism by R. Munck, Syria and the French Mandate by Philip S. Khoury, and The Making of the Modern World by R.Robertson, (Journal of Peasant Studies 15, pp. 410-414)

1987 The Ba'th and the Creation of Syria by David Roberts (The Middle East, August, p.39).

    Christianity and the World Religions by Hans Küng and others (Studia Islamica 66, pp.188-190).

1986 Ibn Khaldun and Islamic Ideology, edited by Bruce B. Lawrence (Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 1, pp.101-2).

    Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World by Partha Chatterjee (Frontier (Calcutta) 19/8-10, pp.27-30).

    The Reign of the Ayatollahs. Iran and the Islamic Revolution by Shaul Bakhash, in Frontier 29-3, pp.8-11.

    Europe and Islam by Hichem Djaït (Middle East Journal, 40, p.763).

1985 Ibn Khaldun: The Birth of History and the Past of the Third World by Yves Lacoste (Journal of Development Studies 21, pp.493-4).

    L'Historiographie mérinide: Ibn Khaldun et ses contemporains by Maya Shatzmiller (Middle East Journal 39, pp.165-6).

    Sociology of 'Developing Societies': the Middle East, edited by Talal Asad and Roger Owen and Palestine and the Palestinians by Pamela A. Smith (Journal of Peasant Studies 13/1, pp.111-2).

    Nomads and the Outside World by A.M. Khazanov (Journal of Peasant Studies 13/1, pp.132-3).

1983 Recommencements: on the Relation of Philosophy and History (in Arabic) by Waddah Sharara (Dir®s®t ‘Arabiyya, 19/3, pp.142-9).

    Recognizing Islam by Michael Gilsenan (Frontier 15/26, pp.14-15).

1982 The Philosophical Roots of Structuralism by Fuad Zakariya (Al-Safır 10/1/1982).

    L'Histoire et son discours. Essai sur la méthodologie d'Ibn Khaldoun by Ali Oumlil (The Maghreb Review 7/5-6, pp.129-130).

1981 Arab Nationalism and Islam (in Arabic) (Al-Safir 28/6/81).

    Rodinson and the Prophet of Islam (in Arabic) by Hasan Qubaisi and Kinsfolk and Booty. The Bases of Politics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (in Arabic) by Waddah Sharara (Al-Karmil  3, pp.299-301).

1980 Islamic Roots of Capitalism: Egypt, 1760-1840 by Peter Gran (The Middle East May, p.82).

1979 Al-Mas'udi and his World by Ahmad Shboul (The Middle East , October, pp.118-120).

1978 In Search of Identity by Anwar Sadat (The Spectator, 10.6.1978, p.20).